Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) occurs when the gradual reduction of the filtering capacity of the kidneys leading to failure of the kidney. The rise in the blood potassium levels leads to paralysis in the extreme causes of AKI. It causes approximately 47,000 deaths a year and is alluded to as a silent killer since most patients do not recognize they have it till the condition is well advanced. Diagnosis of acute kidney injury includes the urine output measurements and serum creatinine levels that serve as the benchmark.
Sorin V. Fedeles