Peritonitis is a serious and common complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), representing the commonest cause of technique failure and a not infrequent cause of patient death. Early onset peritonitis, variously defined in the literature as peritonitis occurring within the first 3-20 months of PD, is increasingly being recognised as a discrete and important clinical problem with appreciably heightened risks of technique failure and death. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive up to date summary of current evidence surrounding early onset peritonitis and to discuss how to better manage the condition, including suggestions for future research directions.
Samantha Ng, David W Johnson and Yeoungjee Cho
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